“Our country has achieved tremendous success in the field of army building,” President of the Republic of Azerbaijan, Ilham Aliyev.
Every country in the world has their own national holiday in commemorating their special day, such as victory, independence, religious day, etc. In this June, there is one country in Eurasia that also celebrate their national holiday. As written in the previous article, that country is Azerbaijan.
For your information, Azerbaijan is a country in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia at the crossroads of Eastern Europe and Western Asia. The capital city is Baku and it is also the largest city on the Caspian Sea and of the Caucasus region. Regarding national holiday, each year On June 26th, Azerbaijan commemorates Armed Forces’ Day. This day commemorates the establihsment of the Armed Forces of moden Azerbaijan in 1918.
Some of you may wonder the history of Azerbaijan Armed Forces itself. So here, I share you its information.
Azerbaijan had declared its independence in May 1918 from the Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic after the collapse of the Russian Empire, forming the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic (ADR). The newborn republic needed an army that would safeguard both the internal order and borders of the country against external threats.
Hence, according to Caspia News, to protect the new nation, on June 26th 1918, a Muslim Corps, established by a decision of the Special Transcaucasian Committee, was renamed to the Detached Corps of Azerbaijan. Around 25,000 soldiers were recruited, and the government allocated 24 percent of the state budget for military purposes. The Military Ministry was established in August 1st 1918, but the renaming of the soldiers is seen as the birth of the Azerbaijani Armed Forces.
In April 1920, the ADR was occupied by the Bolshevik forces and Azerbaijan was later incorporated into the Soviet Union. After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, Azerbaijan formed its independent national army once again.
The Armed Forces of Azerbaijan were re-established according to the Law of the Republic of Azerbaijan and this day was recognized when the Supreme Soviet of Azerbaijan passed a law “On the Establishment of the Armed Forces of Azerbaijan”.
Thus, according to Decree No. 707 in May 1998 issued by the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan, Heydar Aliyev, June 26th was declared a national holiday (public holiday), marks as the Day of the Armed Forces of Azerbaijan.
Today, the armed forces of the Republic of Azerbaijan are comprised of the Land Forces, Air and Air Defense Forces, and the Navy. The National Guard, the State Border Service, the Internal Troops, and Special State Protection Service of Azerbaijan are considered associated forces.
Armed Forces Day 2020
On this day, June 26th 2020, Azerbaijan holds one of the most important public holiday dedicated to the armed forces. Every year on this occasion day, people gather in the city’s central streets to watch a military parade with participation of all country’s army military units . There is demonstration of the country’s naval forces along with the ground ones makes it a truly magnificent spectacle as well. Furthermore, another spectacular moment of the parade is the demonstration of the country’s air forces with the latest fighters flying over Baku at the end of it.
Upon the parade, the whole country begins solemn events and open air celebration. Many cities host gala concerts, dedicated to soldiers. In addition, the country’s citizens hold flower- and wreath-laying ceremonies in memory of the perished defenders of the country, as well as to the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in memory of the Second World War heroes.
So here, on this special day, we would like to say Happy Armed Forces Day, Azerbaijan!
By Annisa Khasya Fadila