ASEAN Youth Digital Forum Image

The Largest ASEAN Youth Digital Forum this year

In commemoration of the 54th ASEAN Anniversary, the ASEAN Youth Organization conducted the largest ASEAN Youth Digital Forum that was participated by more than 5,500 young people from ASEAN member states and some other countries in the world. The forum took place in a virtual zoom meeting and also live on the ASEAN Youth Organization Facebook Page.

The ASEAN Youth Digital Forum, with the theme of Youth & Digital Transformation: A Step Towards Digital Community presents a series of webinars and workshops on Digital Literacy, Cybersecurity, Virtual Cross-Border Internship in ASEAN, and Gig Economy

Many experts and professionals from UNICEF Vietnam, Center for Digital Society of University of Gadjah Mada,  ASEAN Chief Information Officer Association, Akamai Technologies Inc., SiberKreasi Indonesia, ASEAN Human Development Organizations, ASEAN Foundation, Grab Indonesia and many other partners were gracing this first initiative on the topic of Digital Transformation.

First Day of the Event

The AYDF 2021 event was opened by Ambassador Artauli Tobing, the Indonesian Representative to the ASEAN-IPR Governing Council. In the Webinar of Digital Literacy, she highlighted the importance of digital literacy and critical thinking, particularly

"to have more self-awareness and closer look to the content or messages that are shared. Youth is the one with the technological know-how and the generation that has contributed to the speed of technology",

however she also asked the youth to be patient to help the older generations operate the digital technology. 

In the following session of Workshop on Cybersecurity, Executive Director of ASEAN IPR, Mr. I Gusti Agung Wesaka Puja in his Keynote speech highlighted the Role of ASEAN Youth in Utilising Information Communication Technology (ICT) as Instruments of Peace. He mentioned that the youths would have a leading role and bring the ASEAN community towards sustainable peace.

Second Day of the Event

On the second day, the ASEAN Youth Digital Forum delivered the discussion on Virtual Cross-Border Internship in ASEAN and GIG Economy, where the young people should be aware of the opportunity in these areas. Agatha Lydia, the Executive Director of ASEAN Youth Organization during her opening remark on the session of Virtual Cross-Border Internship mentioned that as youths, we are considered as the generation that is agile and could easily adapt with the current shift to the digital world. However, other than this great opportunity, the digital world also has many threats. 

Senjaya Mulia, the Founder of ASEAN Youth Organization delivered the opening remark at the closing session of the AYDF on Panel Workshop of Gig Economy. He mentioned that digital literacy and digital skills are very important for all young people especially in this new normal situation where everything switched to digital. 

Senjaya also emphasized that this event aims to increase the awareness of the current development of digitalization in the South-east Asia Region, sharing knowledge and best practices on how young people could solve the digital problems, and inspire youth to start thinking on how they can benefit from digital development in ASEAN, especially in Education, Security, and Economy.  

As the largest Youth Organization in Southeast Asia, the AYO will keep its commitment to serve the community through programs and activities that empower young people in the region.

Featured Kallang River

Exploring Singapore’s Historical Kallang River

Being one of the most visited countries in the world, Singapore surely has a lot of fascinating tourist destinations to visit. If you are keen on visiting natural landmarks such as the rivers, beaches, and so on you should definitely visit Kallang River, one of Singapore’s historical natural wonders.

ayo azerbaijan partnerships

AYO-Azerbaijan Republic Partnership

Since the beginning of 2020, the global order has been facing enormous challenges. The trend of globalization which initially developed very rapidly and gave implications for the changes and developments of human life patterns in various aspects gradually shows a slowing trend. Some researchers and academics are starting to debate and predict the future of globalization which they thought to come to an end. There are some factors that influence this condition.

First is the rise of populism and ultra-nationalism appeared in the United States[1] and some European countries which is one of the real threats to the slowing trend of globalization. Other than that, protectionist economic policy of President Donald Trump in facing the trade war with China also became the driving factor of current deglobalization trend. 

Second factor is the Brexit which experienced by the European Union. Citing an article written by Carmen M. Reinhart in the World Economic Forum, “With its systemic negative effects on finance, trade, and labor mobility, Brexit marks on a major setback for globalization”.[2] 

Third is the Covid-19 pandemic that hit many countries in the world in 2020. According to Kenneth Rapoza on an article in Forbes.com, the spread of coronavirus forced countries like France and Italy to close their borders.[3] Isolationism as the consequence of lockdown policy has indirectly urged many countries in the world to limit human mobility by closing their borders. The signs of deglobalization emerged in the midst of Covid-19 pandemic were also shown by the declining interest of global citizens in using aviation services. It has implications to the mobility slowdown of people to travel around the world. Certainly, this is in contrary with the spirit of globalization which prioritizes borderless mobility of people.

Based on those three reasons mentioned above and many other reasons related to the deglobalization trend experienced by the world today, young generations of the world are being challenged to be able to adapt quickly to this difficult situation where countries are closing themselves one to another. It certainly impacts not only relations between countries, but also relations between people from different countries all over the world including interactions among international youths. 

In the midst of this vulnerable situation where space is limited due to Covid-19 pandemic, young generations as part of global society needs to find ways that can be done in order to keep showing positive contribution to the world. Indeed, space for young generations has been limited at this time due to the implementation of various policies such as lock down. This condition has directly impacted youth activities in national, regional, and even international level. Many youth events have been postponed or even cancelled. Opportunities to study abroad through scholarship programs must be postponed temporarily due to this condition.

Then, how can we, as ASEAN young generations respond to it? 

Speaking of ASEAN young generation, based on ASEAN-UNFPA Report in 2017, ASEAN has approximately 213 million youth (15-35 years old) of the total ASEAN population around 628 million people.[4] It means, as of 2017 the number of young people in ASEAN dominates around 34 percent of the total population in the entire Southeast Asia region. The numbers are certainly increasing until this year. Based on the data mentioned above, it can be said that ASEAN has advantages in terms of demographic bonus compared to other countries or regions in the world. However, in the midst of current globalization slowdown, young generations in ASEAN need to take steps together in finding solutions to this situation.

ASEAN Youth Organization as one of the biggest youth organizations in Southeast Asia always strives to take progressive steps in responding to various global challenges even in the current emergence of deglobalization trend. Together with more than 400,000 young people in Southeast Asia, ASEAN Youth Organization continues to play an important role in driving regional and global development through various international-scale projects with three main focuses mainly about youth empowerment, social volunteerism, and economic enhancement.[5] In the midst of Covid-19 pandemic, ASEAN Youth Organization adapts to carry out activities virtually in order to continue our consistent efforts in developing the potential of young generations in Southeast Asia.

We believe that young generation is a driving factor for future development in our region. Therefore, ASEAN Youth Organization realized that collaboration is one of the key factors to survive in facing challenges of uncertain situations in the world especially in the midst of current deglobalization trend. Since 2015, ASEAN Youth Organization has cooperated with many stakeholders. However, it does not make the ASEAN Youth Organization the best organization. It needs to spread its wings even wider to be able to continue making impactful contribution to the youth development sector. Last month, the ASEAN Youth Organization had the opportunity to be invited to visit the Embassy of the Republic of Azerbaijan in Jakarta and met directly with H.E. Mr. Jalal Mirzayev as the ambassador of Azerbaijan to Indonesia and ASEAN. It was such an honor for the ASEAN Youth Organization and it also showed the Republic Azerbaijan’s inclusivity by involving young people in Southeast Asia. For information, the Republic of Azerbaijan is known as an oil and gas producer with a long history of ancient civilization and its rich culture.

On this extraordinary occasion, ASEAN Youth Organization had the opportunity to discuss and deliver ideas directly to the Ambassador of Azerbaijan regarding various projects that could be done collaboratively by both parties in the sectors of youth development, education, human rights, socio-culture, tourism, entrepreneurship, many more. In the near future, ASEAN Youth Organization will begin its first collaboration with the Embassy of Azerbaijan Republic to create Webinar project on education and tourism sectors, as well as other possible sectors to encourage the participation of young generations of ASEAN and Azerbaijan in positive activities on an international scale. This kind of collaboration will serve as a clear evidence of youths’ efforts in bouncing back the globalization trend. The collaboration with the Republic of Azerbaijan is also expected to be a good forum for sharing of information and knowledge for both parties, unfolding opportunities for the creation of close ties and relations between youths from ASEAN and Azerbaijan in order to build mutual understanding between the two.

“If you want to walk fast, walk alone. But, if you want to walk far, walk together.” Let’s walk together, Azerbaijan!

Written By

Handy Santoso, Head of Project Development, ASEAN Youth Organization

References:

[1] Livesey, Finbarr. 2017. From Global to Local: The Making of Things and the End of Globalization, quoted from https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/fandd/2017/09/pdf/book2.pdf, on July 1st, 2020

[2] World Economic Forum. 2016.  Is Brexit the beginning of the end for globalization?, quoted from https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2016/06/is-brexit-the-beginning-of-the-end-for-globalization/, on July 1st, 2020.

[3] Forbes.com. 2020. The Post-Coronavirus World May Be The End of Globalization, quoted from https://www.forbes.com/sites/kenrapoza/2020/04/03/the-post-coronavirus-world-may-be-the-end-of-globalization/#3daa35b67e66, on July 1st 2020.

[4] ASEAN UNFPA Report. 2017. First ASEAN Youth Development Index, quoted from https://asean.org/storage/2017/10/ASEAN-UNFPA_report_web-final-05sep.pdf, on July 2nd 2020.

[5] ASEAN Youth Organization. 2020. About: Main Focus Programs, quoted from https://aseanyouth.net/about/, on July 2nd 2020.

Creative Thinking For An Innovative Business Technology: Industry 4.0

As we know that current technology is increasingly developed and there is progress where human life has been surpassed before by the change in the industrial revolution 1.0 in the process of producing goods, namely making everything with a steam engine. This discovery is very important, because before the advent of steam engines, at that time humans could only rely on muscle power, water power, and wind power to move anything.

Industrial Revolution 2.0.

This second industrial revolution took place in the early 20th century. At that time, production was already using machines. Muscle power has been replaced by steam engines, and now steam power has begun to be replaced with electric power. However, the production process at the factory is still far from the production process at the modern factory in one thing: transportation. The transportation of products inside the factory is still heavy, so that kinds of large items, such as cars, must be produced by assembling in the same place. At this time humans have begun to create cars, motorcycles and other means of transportation.

Industrial Revolution 3.0.

Over time this life has entered the era of the industrial revolution 3.0 where humans are producing something starting to use computers. This third revolution is triggered by a moving machine, which thinks automatically: computers and robots.

Industry 4.0.

And now we have entered the industry 4.0 era where experts believe this era is an era of the Industrial Revolution 4.0 because there are many new innovations in Industry 4.0, including the Internet of Things (IoT), Big Data, 3D printing, Artificial Intelligence (AI), driverless vehicles, genetic, engineering, robots, and smart machines. Currently, there are 5 countries that have used robots as human replacement machines including:

1. South Korea

According to information the majority of robots in South Korea are used in the industrial sector and electronic and digital manufacturing. South Korea has also become the most advanced country in the world in terms of technological infrastructure. South Korean electronic products have also dominated the world, from sophisticated cellphones, plasma televisions, LCDs, to semiconductors. 

In addition, Korea also has produces robots that are dubbed as a substitute for human labor, they can be in the form of animals, or in the form of other sophisticated machines. The robot can be found in various industrial areas and there are even people who have used robots in their homes to meet household needs such as washing clothes, taking goods both light and heavy loads. Korea is also intensively developing future strategic industries such as Nanotechnology, Biotechnology, Information Technology, Robotics and space technology. 

The first success of South Korea’s exports occurred in exports of light industrial products such as textiles and apparel, electronic components, plywood, wigs, and intermediary goods.

2. Singapore

Almost 90% of robots in Singapore are used as replacement machines for human workers based on the latest information. Singapore already has 488 robots for 10,000 workers.

3. Germany

Robot machines in Germany have reached 309 in the automotive industry.

4. Japan

Currently Japan uses 303 robot machines per 10 thousand workers to make cars.

5. Denmark

Entrepreneurs in Denmark use 211 robots per 10 thousand workers, which has reached 25% of total production.

Besides that, one of the biggest things in the Industrial Revolution 4.0 is the Internet of Things. In the era of the Industrial Revolution, 4.0 produced “smart factories” and can be said to be the era of robotic. In a modular, intelligent structure factory, cyber-physical systems supervise physical processes, create virtual copies of the physical world, and make decisions that are not centralized. Nowadays technological advances are increasingly indicated where everyone can achieve everything in a very instant manner, all can be accessed through the internet network. 

The public currently relies on gadgets as a tool to communicate and search for information as well as in the planning of the packaging process of the product and the manufacture of the product itself in the field of entrepreneurship. Current developments in information technology include the development of IT infrastructures, such as hardware, software, data storage technology, and communication technology. 

In the era of industry 4.0, many rely on information technology in all fields from economics, education, health, government, and others. Because information technology greatly facilitates humans in producing, processing data and disseminating information, so information technology in this era is very fast developing. 

The development of information technology so that human labor can turn into mechanical power, apart from the speed of engine power is also more guaranteed accuracy and success in working instantaneously. The process can provide useful insights for factory management. Data is processed with sophisticated tools (analytics and algorithms) to produce logical information. The data that is processed can also help consider the problems seen and not seen in industrial plants.

Written By

Avradya Mayagita

ASEAN Youth Conference

ASEAN Youth Conference 2019

ASEAN Youth Organization conducted a conference for youth leaders and change-makers in Bangkok, Thailand on 5-8 November 2019. The event was calling all young generations aged 17-27 years across Southeast Asia who wants to contribute to making changes on issues related to the three pillars of ASEAN: ASEAN Political and Security Community (APSC), ASEAN Economic Community (AEC), and ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community (ASCC).

ASEAN Youth Organization is an international non-partisan, non-profit, and non-governmental organization established to promote international understanding and goodwill parallel to the ASEAN Motto and constitutes one vision, one identity, and one community. AYO’s vision is to create a world where youth exhibit a heightened interest in ASEAN through our activities that Empower Youth, Engage communities to instill and implement ideas that enable Positive Sustainable Change.

ASEAN Youth Conference
ASEAN Youth Conference

High-level speakers and practitioners from the three pillars of ASEAN will attend the conference not just to give presentations, but also act as moderators to educate the youths. Moreover, the discussion will also be held to stimulate the critical thinking ability of the youths. Ergo, making a bigger #IMPACT for the lives of the youths and ASEAN Community.

After the event ends on October 26th, 2019, the participants will be given tasks and assignments for further implementation of the actions planned at the conference. The delegates will be given to implementing the project proposal with the help of the A.Y.O country representative and shall later be evaluated by A.Y.O officers.

Pollution in the Rural Environment and Solution

Pollution in the Rural Environment and Solution. During my role at the Center for Sustainable Rural Development (SRD), an NGO supporting sustainable development, while alleviating inequality and poverty, I have opportunities to work for the balance of Environment and Society of the most vulnerable groups in Vietnam, from poor women, ethnic groups, children and people with disabilities.

Philippine Economic Problems : various contributing factors and it’s correlation between Poverty and Health

Good economical conditions are probably one of the most important factors needed to ensure stability, peace amongst nations and thriving human culture. But we can’t deny the fact that most countries in Southeast Asia are suffering from different economical issues and disparity. Inspite of the technological advancements of this modern day, why is it there are still countries suffering from economic crisis?  Why is it people in some countries having faster economic growth still suffers from poverty? Economic disparity amongst ASEAN country is probably one of the main agendas that should be tackle this year. Even without any information to back it up we can’t deny the fact that poverty is one of the main problem we are facing today. These economic issues can furthermore  lead to other problems in socio-cultural pillar of ASEAN.

These economic issues that most countries has face can be link to the economic problems of the Philippines. Philippines is an archipelagic country which are made up mostly of more than 7,000 islands located in relation to many of Southeast Asia’s main water bodies: the South China Sea, Philippine Sea, Sulu Sea, Celebes Sea, and Luzon Strait ,it is also rich and abundant in natural resources and has a high level of biodiversity. It is also a member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nation since the ASEAN was founded on August 1967. The Philippine economy is an example of mixed economy which includes a variety of private freedom, combined with centralized economic planning and government regulation. According to the 2017 estimate of the International Monetary Fund’s statistics, Philippines ranks as the world’s 34th largest economy by nominal GDP, it is also the 13th largest economy in Asia and the 3rd largest economy in ASEAN after Indonesia and Thailand. Its culture like other Southeast Asian countries was influenced by the European and American power, making it a new home of diverse culture and ethnicity. But despite of all of these claims why is it most of its people are still suffering from poverty?

Despite of the economic growth, we can’t deny the fact that poverty rates are still on its highest, even though Philippines has a fast growing economy the declination of poverty rates is very sluggish. Thus, poverty is also linked to certain economic problems that we cannot ignore, these problems also are the main reason why Filipinos suffered from poverty. These economic problems are the higher rate of unemployment, lack of education, insufficient facilities and poor infrastructure, dependence of overseas remittances and corruption.

The unemployment rate, according to the report published by the Trading Economics “the unemployment rate of the Philippines dropped to 5.4 percent in the September quarter of 2018 from 5.6 percent a year ago. The number of unemployed persons went down by 50 thousand to 2.32 million while the number of employed increased by 488 thousand to 40.66 million. Meanwhile, the labor force participation rate declined to 60.1 percent from 60.6 percent. Unemployment Rate in Philippines averaged 8.41 percent from 1994 until 2018, reaching an all time high of 13.90 percent in the first quarter of 2000 and a record low of 4.70 percent in the fourth quarter of 2016”. Even if the unemployment rate of the Philippines this year dropped it is still higher in comparison with our Asia-Pacific neighbours, Malaysia has 3.4 percent, 2.3 percent in Thailand, and 3.4 percent in Singapore. In South Korea, it was 3.5 percent, Taiwan, 4.3 percent, China, 3.9 percent and Vietnam, 5.6 percent and it cannot still erase the fact that it still don’t have enough job opportunities that can support all the Filipinos, that’s why only few Filipinos seeks job within the country and enter the labor force while the rest find jobs overseas while others ending up leaving the labor force and become unemployed or underemployed. One of the best example for this are the college graduates especially those who were a nursing graduate. Thousands of nursing graduates still don’t have a job because of oversupply of labor force in the field, and also the country’s education system continues to produce college graduates whose skills don’t necessarily fit with what is in demand in the job market. Along with this is the growing population of the Philippines in which  the pace at which jobs are created simply cannot cope up with steady supply of graduates whom many will find themselves unemployed, as a result many nursing graduates fail to land their dream jobs. Many Filipinos also whom are unemployed wait for job opportunities abroad, and many families depend on remittances from family members who are staying abroad.

Because of the growing number of Filipinos who worked overseas, the Philippines now ranked as the third largest generator of international worker’s remittances, behind only India and China. Recently, it surpassed Mexico by a margin to become the third largest remittance receiver country. According to the information from the World Bank’s data on immigrant remittances that it analyzes. Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas data on Filipino international remittances received for the whole year of 2017 amounted to $28.06 billion. According to a report, “this inflow is a substantial contribution to the country’s dollar earnings, providing a substantial prop to the national economy”. The economic growth of the Philippines can primarily be associated to the remittances from the overseas Filipino workers, as well as the growth in the Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) sector. One of the problems that the Philippine Government should be taken care of is the corruption because even if a country has faster economic growth but it’s money is not distributed properly to its sector it will still not become progressive and also I think the country should not be overly dependent of overseas remittances from Filipinos living abroad because it just making the nation vulnerable to external shocks. That’s why the current administration should encourage value addition production and manufacturing and build industries for the Filipinos in order to increase employment opportunities.

One of the factors also why Filipinos suffered from poverty is the lack of education. If you can’t read or do basic math, if you can’t show up for work and apply yourself, you will not have a job. You will be poor. Based on the 2017 Annual Poverty Indicators Survey (APIS), about nine percent of the estimated 39.2 million Filipinos aged 6 to 24 years old were out-of-school children and youth (OSCY). OSCY refers to family members 6 to 14 years old who are not attending formal school; and family members 15 to 24 years old who are currently out of school, not gainfully employed, and have not finished college or post-secondary course. One of the main cause that affects children’s education is that the insufficient and poor facilities this signifies that students are not receiving their rights of having a sufficiently available and well-maintained school facilities. Indications of having these poor facilities are non-working or poorly maintained public comfort rooms, lack of classrooms, overcrowding in classrooms, poor ventilation, unsanitary and crowded canteens and more. Also some children from mountainous area especially the ethnic groups don’t have access to education.

These economic problems may also be seen in some ASEAN countries. In fact ,according to a report, almost 90 percent of people living in extreme poverty in Southeast Asia are in Indonesia and the Philippines. This issue may also lead to other problems such malnutrition. Merriam Webster defines malnutrition as the unhealthy condition that results from not eating enough food or not eating enough healthy food. Malnutrition is the very clear result of a countries overwhelming poverty. It is also the hottest issue for many years now. Because of poverty people are being deprived from accessing good and healthy foods which will eventually results to the increasing rate of mortality amongst children. Poverty limits the people from buying a decent meal for their family or even themselves or even if they do have money they will budget it and eat only once a day to save it for the another day.

These issues are just some of the  issues the country’s are facing today and it is not only be seen in the Philippines but also in the other countries in ASEAN especially those who are still developing countries. These issues also motivates me to participates in the ASEAN Youth Conference in order to use my voice to came up for a possible solution on how to eradicate these issues although it is not that easy to eradicate these issues because it needs a lot of time but the important thing is to lessen the percentage of people suffering from this. I am very passionate on helping and finding a possible solution to this problem because I myself also belongs to the percent of people suffering from poverty and I want to show them and prove to other people like me that poverty is not a hindrance at all, all we need is a helping hand so that we can finally achieved and make this world a better place to live in. Even though we came from different nations, even if we came from diverse origin but then we are unified amidst diversity because we have the same objective and that is to build a future, a future that is full of hope and fulfilment.

Rise ASEAN, One Vision, One Identity, One Community.

Written By

Gelbert Crescencio, Membership Loyalty Program Officer